In the UK, molasses usually refers to black treacle, a viscous by-product of the refined sugar industry, made from sugarcane and sugar beet. But in other parts of the world, such sweet sticky syrups are made from a variety of fruits including grapes, dates, pomegranates and carob. Some, like pomegranate and date molasses, have become familiar ingredients to adventurous British cooks. But carob molasses remains in the shadows.
It is made by mashing ground carob pods with water to extract the sugars, then straining and reducing the liquid until a thick syrup is formed. During that process, some of the sugars caramelise, giving the finished product its distinctive dark colour and sweet sour taste.
The seeds, incidentally, are used to make Locust Bean Gum, a thickening agent used in the food industry. The pulp is also dried and ground into carob flour, an ingredient often used as a cocoa substitute.
The carob tree, Ceratonia siliqua, is a member of the enormous Fabaceae family, to which peas also belong. Also known as St John’s bread or locust bean, it’s native to the Eastern Mediterranean and Middle East, where it’s been cultivated for millennia and harvested from wild trees long before that.
There are references in the bible to ‘the land of milk and honey’, this duo of ingredients being considered perfect nourishment, but biblical scholars have postulated that the honey in question was most likely fruit molasses made from dates, figs, grapes or carob.
One of two Egyptian hieroglyphics for ‘sweet’ is an upright carob pod, seed bumps clearly visible. In the days before refined sugar, fruit molasses were widely used sweeteners, and traded throughout the region.
The historical importance of carob can still be felt in the gold industry; the word ‘carat’, now a unit of purity for gold, was originally a reference to the use of the carob seed as a unit of weight in the ancient gold trade.
Today, the slow growing evergreen shrub has been transplanted round the world; flourishing in a warm, dry Mediterranean climate and naturally adapted to infertile soil, it is cultivated in Australia and the Americas.
In its native region, carob molasses goes by many names – in Turkey, it is harnup or keçiboynuzu pekmezi; In Greece, charoupomelo; in Lebanon (and other Arabic speaking countries), dibs el kharoub. In Cyprus, carob is affectionately known as black gold, a nod to its heyday as the island’s main export – Limassol even boasts a Carob Museum, making and selling a variety of carob products.
Speciality food and drink importer Lebanos Food & Wine are keen to share the health benefits; owner Jocelyne Bitar tells me that carob molasses is said to be a cure for constipation – dissolve a spoonful into hot water and drink it at night.
At Warda Lebanese restaurant in North London, carob molasses is served for dessert. Says Pierre Hobeiki, partner and manager, ‘carob is known to help you digest your food, so we enjoy it at the end of the meal.’ Partner and head chef Mo Housaini brings carob molasses made by his family in Tair Falsay back to England with him each time he visits Lebanon, proudly showing me the freshness and quality of the traditionally made product.
In the Levant, carob molasses is used in a limited number of ways – most often it is mixed with tahini and served with flatbread to dip. Occasionally it’s combined with seeds and nuts to make sweet, chewy tidbits or used as a syrup dip for pastries, though honey and refined sugar are now more common.
Deep, rich and sweet with a balancing tart acidity, it’s an ingredient that lends itself well to many diverse recipes. Try it where you would usually use muscovado sugar, black treacle or pomegranate molasses – in salad dressings and marinades, smoothies and cocktails, pastries and cakes.
Show off the flavour of this unusual ingredient in my Carob Molasses & Tahini Chocolate Brownies recipe.
Look for carob molasses in your nearest Lebanese, Turkish or Greek specialist store.
Buy from Lebanos Food & Wine. 24 Whitby Avenue, Park Royal, London NW10 7SF | 020 8961 8787 | [email protected]
Enjoy carob molasses for dessert at Warda restaurant. 22 The Broadway, The Bourne, London N14 6PH | 020 3583 3438 | www.wardarestaurant.co.uk
Please leave a comment - I love hearing from you!38 Comments to "A Taste For… Carob Molasses"
This sounds really interesting- I will keep a look out for some then try your brownies!
Thanks Heidi, it’s a lovely ingredient!
Could you send some to Kensington, please? 😀 Looks amazingly good!
Long gone, time to make some more!
I really enjoyed reading about carob! I’ve always liked carob, especially in baked goods!
Yes it works well.
Wow, thanks for all this information on carob molasses. It’s great to read up on less common ingredients. The brownies look excellent too.
Glad you enjoyed the read.
This is a great article! Very informative! I love reading the history of ingredients
Me too, thanks, I find it fascinating!
How lovely to read about the uses and origins of carob molasses. I’ve used pomegranate molasses, and found it wonderful. I imagine it would be a good ingredient to use for ginger cake. Love the sound of the brownies too, they look utterly delicious.
Yes, good idea, I’ll see if I have any left and try that!
Those sound absolutely wonderful! I have never heard of carob molasses but it sounds fascinating!
Thank you, it’s a lovely ingredient to try.
I’ve never heard of carob molasses, but it sounds like an interesting ingredient to experiment with. I’m intrigued with the variety of molasses found around the world: I’ve made some delicious things with pomegranate molasses in the past. (My favorite is muhammara, a walnut-pomegranate dip.)
Yes, it’s a great one to try if you come across it. Muhammara sounds delicious.
Wow, that was super educational! thanks. I’d never heard of carob and what an interesting history it has. Off to ask my mom if she knows what it is in persian/armenian.
In some of the Arabic-speaking countries it is called dibs el kharoub, but I don’t know if that’s the case in Iran and Armenia. Glad you found the article interesting!
I had pomegranate molasses on a duck shawarma I had recently from a local restaurant. It was delicious but I must admit, I had to Google what it was as I hadn’t heard of it before!
I love pomegranate molasses too!
Oh wow. I used to eat carobs when I was younger, we used to buy them from local fruit markets.. would love to try this recipe so I am going to look for the molasses
I’ve never seen them in their pods, I’d love to try them!
I have never tried carob molasses but it sounds so interesting! And those brownies look delicious!
Thank you, I love trying new (to me) ingredients!
I bet the carob molasses adds such a richness and moistness to the recipe. Will have to find this ingredient to try it out
Yes, it’s a rich and moist recipe, you just need to whip it out of the oven at the right point! Enjoy!
That sounds so decadent and deep in flavor!
Yes, they’re very rich in flavour!
What a well-researched article! I’ve never tried this, but love trying new foods. And those brownies!!! Nice and gooey and chewy!
Thank you, and me too! Gooey and chewy is right!
I learned something new today and thanks to you for that. I have pinned the recipe to try as well. Beautiful post.
My pleasure, hope you enjoy it.
Carob molasses sound wonderful. I bet they make everything rich and delicious.
Yes, lovely and rich with a sweet-tart balance.
Sounds interesting, I’ll have to keep an eye out for it
It’s a great ingredient!
I picked half a washing -basket full of carob pods at Hay NSW . I first roasted some ,then boiled after breaking up ,then removed the seeds and pulverised the pulp snd now am boiling again . I will strain the pulp out and return to the boil and reduce slowly til the sticky residue remains.
I’ve never had carob from the pods, how interesting! The process sounds like how one creates tamarind paste from the pods!